On every Saturday we ask a question in our Saturday Sawal series.
On 30 June 2018 we had asked the Question as Follows:
अनेकांतवाद क्या होता है?
We got a lot of Responses to our Question, out which we have selected the best ones as follows:
- Ritu Challani says: Anekantwad is ana+ekant wad meaning one sentence can have two meanings ..it is right at both ends like the cup is full or the cup is half empty both are right accepting both is one of the principles of Jain philosophy.
- Divya Goyal says: प्रत्येक वस्तु अनेक धर्मों से युक्त होने से अनेकांत है | – अनेकांत = अनेक + अंत – अनेक = दो/अनंत -अंत = धर्म/गुण – अनेकांत = दो धर्म या अनंत गुण परस्पर विरुद्ध प्रतीत होने वाले दो धर्मों का एक ही वस्तु में होना अनेकान्त है। अनेकान्तमयी वस्तु का कथन करने की पद्धति स्याद्वाद है। जैसे एक लड़की है | वह अपने भाई की बहन है, माँ की बेटी है, दादाजी की पोती है, पति की पत्नी है आदि | यहाँ पर लड़की एक है पर हर सदस्य की अपेक्षा उसका रिश्ता अलग-अलग है | वस्तु में पाए जाने वाले धर्म परस्पर विरोधी दिखाई देते हैं कित्नु होते नहीं है | किसी भी धर्म का कथन करते समय वह किस ‘अपेक्षा’ से कहा जा रहा है यह जानना जरुरी है | जैसे किसी का रंग काला व् गोरा दोनों है | ज्यादा गोरे व्यक्ति की अपेक्षा वह व्यक्ति काला दिखाई देगा एवं ज्यादा काले व्यक्ति की अपेक्षा वह व्यक्ति गोरा दिखाई देगा | यहाँ पर काला व् गोरा दोनों एक दूसरे का विरोध करते प्रतीत हो रहे हैं, लेकिन कर नहीं रहे |
- Chetan Patil Says: Anekantvad ka tatparya hai ki anek mat ka, anek vichar ka, anek ichhao ka ant ho Jana …aur us ek me sama Jana … Jo chote chote nadiyo me vibhakta naa hokar, us Sagar arthat ishwar me eksar ho jana hi anekantvad kahlata hai. Jaha sabhi mat, vichar ichhaye us ek me vileen ho jati hai. Aur sahi maayne me Satya ka darshan ho pata hai.
- Saloni Parekh Says: Anekantwad is that there are different thoughts of different people residing in this universe. This was there in the world from start , is still there and is still going to be there in the future. We as an aatma have to accept it and we should not fight on our different thoughts.
- Rayno Praditya Says: Anekantavad word is composed of : an-eka means not-one ,anta means end Vada means doctrin So anekantavad means doctrin of manysided truth of reality or doctrin of non-absolutism since any thing has infinite facet of truth.someone who is only believing or looking one facet of its truth and discarding the others facet will lead someone to become ekantavadi.., an ekantavadi is someone who believe that this one part/facet of truth is the truth of the whole.. . The buddhists only look the momentariness facet of things. The advaitin only look the eternalness facet of things.both of them are ekantavadi.. Only Jains are the anekantavadi.. because Jains looks all facet of the things which has eternalness and momentariness depends on which the point of view that is being used.. Eternal from substance point of view and momentary from mode point of view.
- Anubhuti Jain Says: anekant=anek+ant. isme anek means anek & ant ka matlab dharam. anek dharmatmak dravya aarthat, eak dravya main aanek dharma virajmaan hai. eak dravya anek dharmatmak hai.
- Nikita Gohil Says : Anekantvad;Jain Dharm na main 3 siddhant mathi ek che Anekantvad. Koi pan ek vastu ne alag alag drashtikon thi vichari, complete satya sudhi pohonchvu tene Anekantvad kehvai che. Famous example che 6 blind people, elephant ne darshave che potana alag alag views thi.
- Anupa Shah Says: A perticular statment can b understood and viewed by multiple sides.. Not one meaning can explain but more than one meaning can be derived. In short the multiplicity or many sidedness or pluralism is anekantwad..
- Saurabh Patawari Says : It means no single statement can define completeness, everything has many aspects, it promotes ahimsa and non-fanatism.
- Bhakti Navadia Says: Anekantwad means there can be multiple views of the single situation
- Komal Jain Says: The ways and the teachings of Arihant Bhagwan is known as Anekantwad.
We are glad that many others too answered the question, Let’s now understand Anekantwad in Brief :
Anekantavad () is the corner stone of Jainism around which the whole philosophy and religion have developed. It is as fundamental as the Karmavad or Causality in physics. It has been mentioned in the scriptures that one who is “equipped” with Anekanta attains samyakdrishti and Kewalgyan (see eg. Samayasara). So it must be very profound knowledge and hence such great knowledge is comprehended only by the Arihants. Other beings and their statements about absolute truth are incomplete, and at best a partial truth.
The principle of anekāntavāda was one of the ancient principles that influenced Mahatma Gandhi.
The word anekantavada was coined by Acharya Siddhasen Divakar to significant the teaching of Mahavira that truth can be expressed in infinite ways. The earliest comprehensive teachings of anekāntavāda doctrine is found in the Tattvarthasutra by Acharya Umaswami, and is considered to be authoritative by all Jain sects. In the Digambara tradition texts. The ‘two-truths theory’ of Kundakunda also provides the core of this doctrine.
To understand the concept of Multiple Views, let’s understand via example:
A group of blind men heard that a strange animal, called an elephant, had been brought to the town, but none of them were aware of its shape and form. Out of curiosity, they said: “We must inspect and know it by touch, of which we are capable”. So, they sought it out, and when they found it they groped about it. In the case of the first person, whose hand landed on the trunk, said “This being is like a thick snake”. For another one whose hand reached its ear, it seemed like a kind of fan. As for another person, whose hand was upon its leg, said, the elephant is a pillar like a tree-trunk. The blind man who placed his hand upon its side said, “elephant is a wall”. Another who felt its tail, described it as a rope. The last felt its tusk, stating the elephant is that which is hard, smooth and like a spear.
Now, you tell us who is Right & who is Wrong? You will answer no one is fully right or fully wrong.
If we start implement the concept of Anekantwad in our lives, we will understand all are saying Partial Truth as we hardly know the complete truth. Everyone’s perspective is different. If we start respecting everyone’s perspective it will solve thousands of our Problems on the Spot!
This was just the brief, we are coming up with a detailed article on Anekāntavāda soon !